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These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Family: Rallidae Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules.

Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang. Family: Trochilidae Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers.

They look like large dark gulls, but have a fleshy cere above the upper mandible. However, they are only distantly related to the penguins and are able to fly.

Auks live on the open sea, only deliberately coming ashore to nest. Family: Laridae Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes, and skimmers. Family: Phaethontidae Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans with exceptionally long central tail feathers.

These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. Family: Caprimulgidae Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground.

They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills.

They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings.

The following tags are used to designate some species: Family: Anatidae The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans.

These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils. Family: Odontophoridae The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. Family: Phasianidae Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies.

They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water. Family: Scolopacidae Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes.

The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil.

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