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His brother and successor Aimery was recognised as King of Cyprus by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.Following the death in 1473 of James II, the last Lusignan king, the Republic of Venice assumed control of the island, while the late king's Venetian widow, Queen Catherine Cornaro, reigned as figurehead.This status ensured that the Church of Cyprus was in a position to end the constant encroachments of the Roman Catholic Church.As soon as the Greek War of Independence broke out in 1821, several Greek Cypriots left for Greece to join the Greek forces.When the Roman Empire was divided into Eastern and Western parts in 395, Cyprus became part of the East Roman, or Byzantine Empire, and would remain so until the Crusades some 800 years later.
Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successors, Cyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt.
Cyprus was settled by Mycenaean Greeks in two waves in the 2nd millennium BC.
As a strategic location in the Middle East, it was subsequently occupied by several major powers, including the empires of the Assyrians, Egyptians and Persians, from whom the island was seized in 333 BC by Alexander the Great.
In response, the Ottoman governor of Cyprus arrested and executed 486 prominent Greek Cypriots, including the Archbishop of Cyprus, Kyprianos, and four other bishops.
Reaction to Ottoman misrule led to uprisings by both Greek and Turkish Cypriots, although none were successful.