Carbon dating formula explained
The dose I was given is -younger copy of an earlier document (in which case it is odd that there are no references to it in other documents, since only famous works tended to be copied), or, which is more likely, this is a recent forgery written on a not-quite-old-enough ancient parchment.
If possible, the ink should be tested, since a recent forgery would use recently-made ink.
U leakage would cause discordant points to plot above the cocordia. Lunar rocks also lie on the Geochron, at least suggesting that the moon formed at the same time as meteorites. Pb separated from continents and thus from average crust also plots on the Geochron, and thus suggests that the Earth formed at the same time as the meteorites and moon.
But, again, exptrapolation of the discordia back to the two points where it intersects the Concordia, would give two ages - t* representing the possible metamorphic event and t and solve for t . This argument tells when the elements were formed that make up the Earth, but does not really give us the age of the Earth. Thus, our best estimate of the age of the Earth is 4.55 billion years.
Libby and others (University of Chicago) devised a method of estimating the age of organic material based on the decay rate of carbon-14.
Pb leakage is the most likely cause of discordant dates, since Pb will be occupying a site in the crystal that has suffered radiation damage as a result of U decay.
U would have been stable in the crystallographic site, but the site is now occupied by by Pb.
How am I supposed to figure out what the decay constant is?
I can do this by working from the definition of "half-life": in the given amount of time (in this case, hours.